Peligros del Asbesto ( asbestos trainning video)

every day millions of people go to work in buildings containing lightweight and flexible fiber asbestos products ideal for many applications including the electrical thermal acoustic insulation of fire and for Asbestos floors can be dangerous if the fiber is loosened and allowed to float freely in the air once indicated lodges in the lungs where stays for years and can cause chronic lung disease or cancer To protect you from the hazards of asbestos on the job, the authorities of the health developed standards for occupational exposure to asbestos This program will familiarize you with the effects of exposure to asbestos the ways you can be exposed and regulations designed to minimize the risk of asbestos exposure After viewing it, you will be able to identify the forms and uses of the asbestos describe the ways in which it can enter the body and the hazards represents explaining how materials are categorized contain asbestos by government agencies describe the signs of warning and labels recognize damaged or deteriorated asbestos writing job tips to prevent the release of fiber fibers asbestos Asbestos is the general name for a family of fibrous minerals of origin natural fibers that are extracted all over the world these fibers are strong flexible and fire resistant making them useful in a number of applications asbestos regulated by government agencies about 95% of the asbestos used is chrysotile or white asbestos. brown asbestos and cross idol and there’s blue asbestos are the most remaining although the exact chemical composition of the different forms of asbestos varies only chrysotile is hollow since 1971 the protection agency environmental and consumer product safety commission have banned various asbestos products and manufacturers have also limited voluntarily use it and it is still legal to manufacture process and import most asbestos products currently most asbestos products are found in homes old in your pipe insulation and furnace lining plates in Textured and tile paints more importantly are also found in cinemas, offices, schools, and in public buildings across the country unlike minerals that turn to dust when hit by asbestos is divided into small fibers that can float in the air for a long time When inhaled, the pointed fiber easily penetrates the body tissue and loose fibers of asbestos that lodge in food or tobacco products can also taken orally, medical evidence suggests that cancer of the esophagus larynx mouth, stomach, colon and kidneys can be caused by asbestos ingestion Because these fibers accumulate in the body, each exposure increases the risk of developing an asbestos-related disease unfortunately there is no timely indication that asbestos is causing problems in the body has no acute or short-term symptoms duration that alerts you in fact many harmful effects take 20 to 40 years after the first exposure exposure to asbestos can cause irreversible damage to the lungs with these and mesothelioma a cancer of the stomach and abdomen walls and lung cancer workers exposed who also smoke are at greater risk of lung cancer than those who you are only exposed to asbestos Asbestos fibers usually mix with other materials to form a matrix that holds them together some common materials of such a matrix They are vinyl rubber tar epoxy paint cost cements and even plant fibers by joining with asbestos fibers the matrix becomes a material containing this or mc to a ms is any material that contains 1% by weight or more of asbestos until tests show that a suspect material does not contain asbestos treat it as if it had the suspicious material is called material suspected of containing asbestos om sc all material defined as msc a is subject to the same standards and restrictions as a MS in areas where ms or msc falls apart, pulverizes or deteriorates in any way so that the asbestos fibers no longer remain attached to the matrix is required that any surface dust or debris in the area is presumed to contain asbestos Responsible building owners are required to offer information about more imss to employers and employees potentially exposed when an employee has to enter engine rooms containing m be the owner so easy signs to understand at the entrance to identify the presence of the material and their location signs should also be placed outside regulated areas where work could create an environment Dangerous warning signs are posted on pre-installed building materials containing asbestos to alert occupants or building maintenance personnel to manufacturers or importers of new products containing asbestos provide material safety data sheets that warn workers of their hazards some of the new products free of these made to replace more to how the pipe insulation is marked clearly with special paint or have the words asbestos-free written on them the ms has damaged is more susceptible to release fibers than the ms to intact by For example, an m is in an area with a lot of traffic where it is frequently affected is more susceptible to release fibers than m is in an area relatively quiet this potential to release fibers depends much of the weakness of the material the weaker can get rid easily pulverized or reduced to powder when pressed between the fingers when dry the mc has not weakened it is difficult to destroy because the fibers are well bonded even the mc has not weakened and intact as the ceiling filter and asbestos floor tiles can release dangerous concentrations of fiber when cutting and sanding pse or breaking some of the sources of damage that can result in fiber release include exposure to the elements impact with other objects vibration vents and blowers chemical spills leaks or fumes to avoid the creation and release of asbestos fibers into the air always avoid any contact with anyone that alters your position alters your womb or weaken it causes any visible debris reinforce any further deterioration to the building manager if he does not work directly with asbestos-containing materials there are some steps simple things you can take to avoid accidental exposure to fiber asbestos but never hang anything in pipes with insulation or cut pipe insulation and never drill or nail into walls or ceilings to arrange plants or pictures when moving furniture be careful to do not tear floors walls ducts this could cause release of fibers from asbestos from its matrix do not remove ceiling tiles or suspended ceiling lamps and Never remove filters from insulation systems or shake them to dust them off be aware of the correct procedure for asbestos disposal obey the asbestos-containing product labels and asbestos waste that warn against creating dust and breathing in loose fibers do not shake trim or other surfaces sweep debris or vacuum rugs on areas that could be contaminated with asbestos waste and most importantly if you find any material that you suspect may contain asbestos tell your employer or landlord the owner is required to report and confirm any findings of more Loose asbestos dust that accumulates on surfaces can cause high levels of exposure when removed if your job requires you to perform custodial or maintenance activities where there may be Asbestos fiber bundles must comply with the following requirements established keep all surfaces close to installed asbestos products as free as possible from dust and debris but never clean asbestos contaminated surfaces by blowing debris with air compressed use only special vacuum cleaners equipped with highly efficient particulate or hepa filters to clean dust and debris that contain asbestos always empty the vacuum cleaner container so that prevent loose fiber from reentering the work area wetting asbestos-containing debris before cleaning helps prevent fibers are spread never clean it with a broom and shovel or use any other method dry cleaning unless vacuuming with geba or water is impractical to prevent the release of asbestos fibers from soil materials that contain asbestos never choose saved asphalt or asbestos vinyl covers Remove floor finishes with damp methods or low abrasive pads to speeds below 300 revolutions per minute never polish or brush dry floors that contain asbestos unless you have enough finished so that the pad does not come into contact with the raw floor in general discard all asbestos contaminated equipment clothing debris debris and debris only in properly waterproof bags or containers sealed and labeled and two of processes include cuts adjustments and rejected materials while that most cleaning residues result from wet cleaning or Vacuum Chief Wet any cleaning or process waste with a mixture of water and surfactant and place in disposable containers surfactant is a detergent that helps water penetrate rossi in vacuum cleaner bags are disposable paper filters with a little water and put them in a labeled waste container never try to clean and reuse them both as anti-fires and insulation removed from buildings during remodeling or demolition should be taught in containers before they dry to minimize the release of asbestos fibers during handling dispose of all this in bags leak-proof plastic bags in plastic-lined cardboard boxes or metal containers Asbestos fiber release episodes originate when it falls into construction elements that contain the rest or when pipes are damaged ceilings or other places where the standards of training covers two types of fiber release episodes the first is a minor fiber release episode spanning 90 square or linear centimeters of plus or minus the second is a major episode of fiber release spanning more than 90 linear square centimeters of ms to evicted I never tried any response from an emergency fiber release unless your employer has assigned you such work and is fully trained and equipped for the task to respond to a minor release of fiber first fully saturates the debris using wet methods then clean the area and place the asbestos debris in a waterproof and sealed waste container and affix the appropriate label to finish you must repair the damaged area dmsa with plaster putty asbestos-free insulating cement or you can seal the damaged area with latex paint or some encapsulated t approved for this when it responds to a greater release of fiber it first restricts entry to the area and post signs so that no one enters then temporarily turn off or modify the air control system to avoid the distribution of fibers to other areas of the building having prevented the spread of loose asbestos fibers can proceed with cleaning in a manner similar to that you would use with a release However, the specific actions of response to a major fiber release episode should be designed by one person certified a regulated area is a control measure for asbestos work that protects employees not involved in exposure to loose asbestos if their building has an asbestos regulated area it is important that you know how reduce your risk of exposure regulated areas are demarcated with signage and delimited with a critical barrier which in practice contains one or more layers of plastic that seal the entire opening to a work area or similar physical barrier is barrier keeps unauthorized entry into the area to a minimum and prevents displacement of asbestos fiber to nearby areas entry to the regulated area is strictly limited and signs of warnings are posted around the area to prevent unauthorized entry never enter a regulated area unless authorized by your employer and your job requires income from all asbestos work performed in a regulated area must be supervised by a competent trained and designated person who can identify asbestos hazards on the job select the adequate control strategy and take corrective measures to eliminate the risk ventilation systems are the engineering control method preferred to reduce occupational exposure to loose asbestos at the workplace work local pipe ventilation and dust collection systems accumulate spare fibers in a collection system with gp filter before all hand tools are dispersed to the work area and electrical that produce or release asbestos fibers must be provided local pipe ventilation systems Engineering controls can reduce or eliminate many hazards of the asbestos in the workplace but it is your responsibility to use asbestos practices safe to work before being removed from their packaging asbestos products such as cement mortar grout or plaster ben be moistened closed or with ventilation to effectively prevent the release of fibers to air when all engineering controls and possible work practices fail to reduce the exposure of the employee to an acceptable level the employer reduces exposure to the lowest possible level and offers approved respiratory protection when exposed to asbestos fiber concentrations greater than any of the LPs must wear work clothes or personal protective equipment to avoid contamination of body and personal clothing anyone who works in dusty areas or where dust is generated must wear eye protection depending on the exposure may be required from safety glasses up to a full face respirator your employer must provide you with the proper ff and protective work clothing such as waterproof coveralls or similar work clothes work shoes or disposable shoe covers gloves helmets face shields or safety glasses you are required to wear all protective equipment and pp supplied by your employer for added protection against asbestos exposure your employer also offers hygienic facilities for eating washing and changing clothes never put away consume or use food beverages tobacco cosmetic products in any area where asbestos fibers could contaminate you should not enter dining rooms with work clothes use a head vacuum to remove surface asbestos dust from your clothing Before taking it off, you must remove your ff and work clothes before entering the canteens vehicles arriving at the site should park where they are not can become contaminated with asbestos if you wear protective clothing against it you should use the designated changing area to avoid contamination of your street clothes the changing area consists of two separate parts a clean area with a place to store street clothes and another area to remove and store asbestos contaminated work clothing and pp before start work use clean area to remove clothes to put on clean work clothes and to put on a respirator if necessary wear your work clothes and your pp only in the workplace and never go back to the clean area using items contaminated with asbestos once clean at the end of his shift he returns to the clean area to return to put on your street clothes after showering do not put on any contaminated item you have worn during your shift including shoes and underwear and never leave the workplace wearing any clothing personal protection contaminated items are shipped from workplace, professional banners or disposal sites The properly you can take home the underwear you wear during your turn and wash it carefully towards asbestos not contaminating your home your safety depends on other workers or contractors who have the responsibility to clean wash repair or dispose of your protective work clothing and psoe pp and thus maintain its effectiveness to protect them follow these procedures from protective clothing and equipment to end of your shift in the change area designated for this purpose thus all contaminated items for cleaning, washing or Dispose of in a closed container in the area to be changed to avoid dispersion asbestos out of the container Employee exposure is measured based on the loose asbestos that the employee could inhale if not wearing respiratory protective equipment the authorities also impose limits on the amount of exposure allowed asbestos there are two permissible exposure limits or lp that are based on the concentration of asbestos fibers in the workplace air the first exposure limit the average weight time or pp requires you to the employer ensures that no worker is exposed to a concentration of loose debris in the air greater than one tenth of fiber per cubic centimeter of air during an eight hour shift an excursion is a brief exposure and severe concentrations of asbestos caused by work activities such as cutting myself with tools without ventilation the second exposure limit the excursion limit or the eee requires the employer to ensure that no worker is exposed to a asbestos concentration in air greater than one fiber per cubic centimeter of air averaged over a 30 minute sample during asbestos emergencies when engineering controls and work practices fail to reduce the concentration of fibers in the air or less than any of the lp you will be required to wear protection approved respiratory system your employer chooses the right type of respirator for your work usually a negative pressure respirator and air purifier with gp filter is enough higher exposures require more protection such as a face shield complete positive pressure and air supplement if it offers you adequate protection for your particular job you can request to supply you on a forced air-purifying respirator instead of the negative pressure respirator specified in the table as this first it is sometimes easier to use for extended periods if you need to use a respirator will be examined by the physician to ensure safe use then your employee will perform a fit test when you assign a respirator for the first time and then every year and will also receive training for proper use if they have difficulty breathing during the test or when wearing the respirator inform your employer of immediately if your most recent medical exam shows that wearing a respirator prevents you from functioning normally or affects your safety or health of you or a colleague will be assigned other duties what can you do make sure you understand both the capabilities and limitations of your respirator and certify that I know what it fits properly so that you a poorly fitted or poorly maintained respirator provides maximum protection could be worse than not using it because you will mistakenly think it is avoiding exposure for effective protection Respirators should fit your face and head snugly.Never loosen or remove respirator in work situations where use is required Disposable respirators or full or half face dust masks are never allowed for jobs that need whenever workers may be exposed to concentrations of asbestos in the air or above either limit permissible exposures your employer conducts initial air monitoring whether the results of the initial assessment that apply to the conditions current employment is not available, your employer will collect samples from the breathing zone of each employee of each job classification and of each labor area, particular attention is paid to operations that may produce exposures above the excursion limit for each shift reduce your risk of serious long-term consequences if you are exposed asbestos at or above any of the LPs your employer may place you in a medical observation program the workers of the construction or shipyards are placed under medical observation if exposed more than 30 days a year and if they are required to wear a respirator negative pressure in the industry in general medical observation is required for any worker exposed above ppt or pl for up to one day This includes evaluating your medical and employment history as well as periodic physical examinations the employer must ensure that all the examinations are carried out under the supervision of a physician authorized in a reasonable time and place at no cost to you Before you are assigned to work that would expose you to asbestos, a prior medical examination as long as exposure continues asbestos work will be done a periodic medical examination finally within 30 days before or after the work is finished they will make you a labor reception examination after the same the doctor will inform you of any medical condition detected that could increase your health risks Due to asbestos exposure, your employer will provide you with a copy of the the completed written medical opinion 30 days after receipt of the opinion written contains the results of your exam and describes the entire condition related to asbestos that requires further explanation or treatment as well lists any special protective measures or recommended limitations by your doctor if you need to wear a respirator at the work written opinion encompasses any limitations on use of respirators including whether you can wear a forced purification respirator from air or if you cannot wear a negative pressure respirator you have the right to medical privacy information about any The medical condition found during the examination must be related to the occupational exposure to asbestos and the doctor is not authorized to report to your employer about unrelated findings and diagnoses if you are in the medical observation program your employer keep a record of the results of your exposure assessment asbestos for at least 30 years and will keep your complete medical history during your span of employment plus 30 years and exposure records will be available for evaluation and copying by current former employees employees and their designated representatives plus you your doctor or Anyone with your written authorization may request a copy of your complete medical history you have the right to know if you are in asbestos risk but you also have a responsibility to help minimize know where the risks are know how to protect yourself and follow the rules for working with asbestos and staying healthy now and for years to come to come

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