Hello and welcome to this mandatory two-hourannual refresher training on asbestos awareness. The following slides will give you a briefoverview of federal asbestos requirements. The datum will help protect you againstwork site occupational revelations to asbestos. The information collected is presented to employeeswho work on or in structures where asbestos is present, and to help you identify and avoidrisks. Causes get started! This direction is designed to meet the requirementsof the Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and the requirements of the OccupationalSafety and Health Administration, called( OSHA ), for training of employees who may come incontact with Asbestos-Containing Material( ACM’s) while performing their job duties.The purpose of this training is to learn to identify and avoid risks of distressing asbestosa worker may encounter during work duties.This teaching is intended for employees whodo not remove asbestos containing materials as their central job function. Training of Custodial, School works, Transportation, Engineering, Warehouse, Facility and Maintenance works in asbestos awareness is one of thekeys to a successful asbestos planned at TUSD. This qualify is intended to give workers and boss the information they needto avoid agitating asbestos, or other pieces which might contain asbestos in the workplace.OSHA regulations requires the district to know where asbestos represented here. OSHAbelieves that by not disturbing asbestos you will eliminate substantial health risks foremployees.In an effort to inform employees about where asbestos-containing materials are locatedin a construct or arrangement, TUSD has maps that contain this information online. Further in this presentation the online mapswill be explained and picture for your convenience. Some of the federal asbestos regulatory agenciesinclude the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act, likewise announced AHERA. AHERA is also calledthe Asbestos in Schools Act because it exclusively applies to class. According to AHERA, academies must conduct an inspection for asbestos fabrics within their structures. Employersmust also inform a staff member of what asbestos is and work towards ensuring asbestos in thebuildings remains undamaged, since undamaged asbestos poses no exposure to building occupants.The National Releases Standards for HazardousAir Pollutants, too called NESHAP are air emission standards set by the EnvironmentalProtection Agency. These standards were established to manage and lower the amountsof asbestos containing textiles that can be released into the air during the demolitionof houses or organizations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA regulations are in place to protectworkers in the asbestos manufacture, but OSHA regulations also are available to general safety ofall employees in the workplace or doing workplace activities. As hard as it is to believe today, at onetime people called asbestos the supernatural fabric. Not simply is it a natural mineral you can digout of the anchor by the ton, asbestos is lightweight, fireproof, chemical-resistant, bacteria-resistant, and doesnt conduct an electrical current. Asbestos has been mined around the globe. White asbestos, which is called Chrysotile, came from ours all over America. One of the mines for Chrysotile was here in Arizona. It was in the small mining town of Chrysotile, Arizona. After World War II, many builds and homeshad asbestos containing cloths installed in them; this was done because asbestosmade these commodities act excellently, and were efficient to make as a result of adding asbestos.Asbestos makes play so excellently, and were so frugal to represent, that in its heyday, asbestos was added to toothpaste, baby sleepwear, business dress, hoof powder, form gunpowder, theater curtains, Christmas tree skirts andmany other commodities, including brake shoes and seizure facings. Hollywood often used asbestos because it waseasy to work with. Asbestos was used as snowflakes in movies and they used it in buildingmovie deep-seateds. It was likewise used as the Wicked Witchs broomstick bristles in The Wizardof Oz. Asbestos creators would roll marketings campaignsstressing the durability and safety benefits of commodities established within asbestos. One thingmanufacturers failed to mention was the effects that the nearly indestructible mineral hadon their workers people. As more, and more asbestos workers and users of asbestos produces, were get illfrom the effects from asbestos, the authorities concerned, in 1971, ultimately stepped in to begin regulatingthe use of asbestos in consumer products.Very strict rules be established viewing whatmaterials could be used in the construction of a building. Asbestos is comprised of a group of natural minerals quarried from the dirt. Asbestos deposits are observed throughout theworld, but the primary places of commercial asbestos make are Canada, Russia, andSouth Africa. Commercial mining of asbestos in the United District was halted in the 1980 s. Once extracted from the floor, asbestos-containingrock is vanquished, ground up, and evaluated. This grows long, thread-like fibers ofmaterial. What appears to the naked nose as a single fiber is actually a parcel ofhundreds or tens of thousands of fibers, each of which can be partitioned even further into tinier fibers.Asbestos is the collective mention for minerals made up of long, thin fibers that are invisibleto the naked look. Many different types of asbestos exist, and each is grouped under oneof two categories, either serpentine or amphibole. The first radical is serpentine. All asbestosin the serpentine radical is called Chrysotile. This is the most common type of asbestos foundin 95% of older structures in the United States. The second radical is amphibole. The nameamphibole comes from Greek, meaning”ambiguous”. The amphibole radical contains five typesof asbestos. The first type of amphibole asbestos is amosite.Amosite, is considered the second most common type of asbestos is located within buildings. Amositeasbestos is also known as brown asbestos because of its hue. The second type of amphibole asbestos is crocidolite, or off-color asbestos, identified after its coloring. It has been used in high-temperature insulationproducts and on chemical resistant skin-deeps, such as laboratory counters for chemistry andbiology categorizes. The three remaining types of amphibole asbestosare Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite. These three are rare and have little commercialvalue. They are seldom discovered as contaminants or minor constituents in asbestos-containingmaterials.Asbestos has many characteristic properties, such as, high-pitched tensile strength and defiance to fire, hot, chemicals and electricity.These dimensions drawn it an ideal building material with numerous industrial purposes back inthe day. It can act as a binder, a thermal insulator, and a noise insulator.Asbestos has be widely abused because it is inexhaustible, cheap, strong and is not flammable.Asbestos also has insulation assets to heat and electrical assign, and is resistantto chemical corrosion. The expend of all of these tens of thousands of commodities is where the termasbestos-containing information came from. Some common a few examples of asbestos containingmaterials found in academies are: flooring, vinyl basi, mastic, roofing substances, ceiling boards and tiles, wallboard, seam deepen, plaster, gaskets in heating and HVAC equipment, duct-wrap insulation, canal brace videotape, ductvibration softening cloth, piping/ boiler insularity, attack brick for boilers, fireproofing& barrage entrances, acoustical spray-on sound proofing and cementpipes. The following slips are pictures of asbestosin use in builds in all regions of the country. They are implied as samples exclusively. Now is demonstrated of asbestos coating pipesand some asbestos tank insulation.Here you can see some tubes that are insulated with asbestos. These pipes are located above the ceiling. Now is an example of sprayed-on pipe insulation veneer saw with asbestos. Now you can see some pipings that have flange gaskets make use of asbestos. Now is a cloth vibration damper made fromasbestos, which is located between a structure canal and the devotee. Caulk manufacturers often used asbestos before the 1980 s as it protected against fire andheat. Common targets were around the brickwork and exteriors, as you can see here. Other illustrations include space putties, asbestosfire doorways, electrical wiring insulation and asbestos-wrapped pipes, where the insulationaround the pipes has been damaged. Here you can see an example of membrane vinylon a bar, an asbestos-containing material which has been crumbling and could becomeairborne. A inlet locate is a molding that protects thebase of walls from bang expense. Here you can see an example of an old-time inlet base thatis deteriorating. The glue used to hold it to the walls is now showing. Both the glueand inlet base may contain asbestos.Here you can see an example of an exteriorsoffit. Note the asbestos substance is disintegrating and could become airborne. Now is demonstrated of a ceiling with asbestos-containing fabrics. You may have construed surfacing utilized on the exterior of a building that contains asbestos, such as seen here. Now you investigate an example of a superstructurethat has asbestos worked on its surfacing. Acoustical texture of plaster-type coatingsapplied over timber lath, masonry, or other surfaces dates back 2000 times. But, unfortunatelystarting in various regions of the early 1900 s asbestos was put into the plaster to strengthen it. Here you ascertain an example of a suspended ceiling that has asbestos exercised on its surface.You may still see this type of ceiling, even if they are the EPA restricted such information in 1973, with an additional ban in 1978. Some popcorn ceilings were concluded consuming asbestos.If you have it, do not disturb or detriment it. Remember, the merely vicinity of asbestos itselfdoes not create a health hazard unless the material is disturbed and liberates fibersto the atmosphere. Asbestos fibers accommodated forte withoutadding much weight; this work it an ideal substance in gaskets, grout, tile and othercomposite textiles. Asbestos also provided insulating and fire-resistantproperties, rendering it additionally helpful in the automotive plain. Asbestos fibers are so strong, sturdy, andvirtually indestructible, that they were almost used in every equipment supermarket across the country.Friable asbestos is gonna be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder, by hand pressure when baked. Non-friable asbestos cannot be influenced in this way. Non-friable asbestos has referred to asbestos thatis firmly bound in a material. Non-friable asbestos is generally safer to the environmentif the asbestos is left undisturbed. Therefore , non-friable asbestos poses a lower risk toyour state. Undamaged non-friable asbestos should be treated as friable asbestos because any damage willmake it friable. The Environmental Protection Agency or theEPA, has fractioned asbestos containing cloths into three categories. The first EPA category is Surfacing Materials.Surfacing Materials are interior asbestos that has been scattered on, troweled on, orotherwise applied to skin-deeps like walls or ceilings for acoustical, decorative, or otherpurposes. This also includes blown-in fabrics, joint or patching compounds, and texturedpaints or plasters. The second EPA category is Thermal SystemInsulation. This type of insulation is used to control heat transfer or frustrate condensationon pipings and hose fittings, and other parts of hot or cold water systems; heating, ventilation, air conditioner methods; or other mechanical systems.The third EPA category is Miscellaneous Cloth. These include substances found on structuralcomponents, structural members or fixtures, such as fire openings, or reverberation dampening cloth. Asbestos is a basically indestructible fiberthat, when breathed or withdrawn, onslaughts the soft tissues in the body. Most stones and minerals breakdown into tinyparticles like specks of sand. But, asbestos breaks down into fibers, like ropes of rope.Asbestos fibers can be so small that they are invisible to the naked attention. Inhalation is the most common route of exposure.Most exposures happen without the victims knowledge, since asbestos fibers are mostlyinvisible, odorless and tasteless. The health effects associated with asbestosexposure have been studied for many years. Results of these studies show that breathingin asbestos fibers leads to increased risk of development for several diseases.Not all people develop these illness afterexposure, but it has been well demonstrated that most asbestos-related healths are dose-responserelated, which means that the greater the exposure to airborne asbestos fibers, thegreater the risk of developing an illness. The health effects associated with asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of developinglung and chest area diseases. Almost daily, we are exposed to some prevailinglevel of asbestos fibers in constructs or knowledge some existing level in the outdoor air.Some fibers that are inhaled stay in the lungs. Brief explodes of show, when addedto the background level, increase its full potential to stimulate or trigger the developed at anasbestos related ailment. These brief outbursts of revelation occur in many ways. For precedent, when a carpenter instructs a pit in an asbestos burn door without taking any prudences, an increased amount of asbestos may be released into the air. The more often these burstsof exposure pas, the greater the risk of breathing asbestos fibers.Keep in spirit that everyone is exposed to asbestos at some time during their life. Low levelsof asbestos are present in the air, irrigate, and soil.Because asbestos fibers are so small-time, theyrebasically invisible. Theyre likewise so glowing that once stirred up, they can float in theair for a long time. This means that you can easily inhale asbestos fibers, withouteven known better. And once asbestos fibers get into your lungs, they can do severe damage. People most at risk for this additional exposureare maintenance type of workers who might accidently is currently working on and ruffle asbestos inbuildings. The the consequences of asbestos show most ofteninvolve the lungs. Air breathed in the main body delivers through the mouth and nose, continuinginto the windpipe. The throat segments into smaller and smaller tubes that end upin the lungs as air sacs called alveoli. It is in these air sacs that respiration occurs.Oxygen is absorbed into tiny blood vessels( or capillaries) and debris gases, such ascarbon dioxide, pass out of the blood and are evaporated. The mas has two or more mechanisms to filter the aura it breathes. The first filter mechanismis used for larger specks that may enter the snout or opening. These corpuscles get caughtin the snout by the nose hairs or mucus.Items that enroll the mouth are usually spitout. Cigarette smoking can mum both of these effects, disabling the first mechanism to rid the bodyof foreign specks. If the item is smaller and extends past the first filter mechanism, it could get caught in thesecond filter, the airway tubes. When an entry is caught in the airway tubes, it isnormally withdrew or coughed out. But, if a particle is very tiny and glowing, it could make it all the way into the lungsand into the lung air sacs.If some specks recruit the breath sacs, thelungs will try to protect themselves. The minuscule air sacs in the lungs are an attempt to coatthe corpuscles. The membrane will embrace and digest the particles if possible. This coatingof particles is very hard on the breeze sacs and needles blemish tissue in the lungs. If more and more asbestos fibers get intothe lungs, more and more scarring will occur, which may lead to an asbestos relevant healtheffect like Asbestosis, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, or other diseases associated with exposure to asbestos. Asbestosis is a asbestos pertained state effectcharacterized by lung scarring. It shortens the lungs resilience. When the lungs havereduced elasticity, that makes it harder to breathe and gives you shortness of breath. Asbestosis is normally seen in people whohave inhaled large amounts of asbestos fibers over a given period. It is a serious diseaseand, in those persons exposed to high levels of asbestos. Evidences can array from mildto severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued exposure and caneventually lead to disability or death.The conventional latency period, or era that passesfrom exposure to noticing evidences is around 15 to 30 years.Lung Cancer is an asbestos referred health accomplish that appears to have a dose-responserelationship between asbestos exposure and lung cancer. In addition, lung cancer has a latency periodbefore it develops. Commonly 30 years or longer. If you are a cigarette smoker its evenworse. Cigarette smokers who are exposed to asbestos are over 50 times more likelyto develop lung cancer than the normal , non-smoking population.Mesothelioma is an asbestos pertained healtheffect that occurs in the chest cavity ordering or in the gut rowing. Actions of mesotheliomahave been found in people who have had a limited revelation to asbestos fibers. The onslaught of this canker is related to doseand to period from first known asbestos revelation. There is no known connection to cigarettesmoking. Mesothelioma tends to have a long latency period frequently around 30 to 40 years. There are also various other diseases whichseem to occur more often among people exposed to asbestos. Some of the most frequently asked diseases includecancer of the gut, colon, and pancreas.When asbestos containing substances are undamagedthey are not liberating asbestos fibers into the air, so there is no threat to your health.The health hazards begin when the asbestos textiles are bumped, cleaned, rind, waterdamaged, or otherwise shaken. Do not agitate asbestos and keep it well maintained. The EPA exclusively requires asbestos removal toprevent substantial public exposure to airborne asbestos fibers if the building is being demolishedor during redevelopment activities.The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Actspecifically applies to institutions. Its the blueprint for obstructing you and your co-workerssafe. AHERA requires all public and nonpublic schools to have an initial inspection for asbestosand a re-inspection of known or presupposed asbestos at least once every three years. Harmonizing to AHERA many of the homes, builds, and schools across America contain asbestos. If local schools was constructed before the 1980 s, its likely that it contains some kind of asbestos. AHERA provides guidance for institutions to inspectfor asbestos-containing information in a safe and ended sort. This is broken downto three points of inspection. The 1st part. Provide hires with asbestos awareness civilizing demonstrating them a basic understandingof asbestos and the risks that can be caused by asbestos. The 2nd part. Designate a contact bureau. And the 3rd point is responsible to ensure that exclusively trainedand licensed professionals accomplish asbestos removal wars. As long as asbestos-containing information remainin good condition, the Environmental Protection Agency hold asbestos constitutes minimal healthrisk and recommends schools leave it in place. But, if improper maintenance work results, or the asbestos is disrupted, the otherwise harmless asbestos can be released into theair.AHERA has referred to a School District as a LocalEducation Agency, or an LEA. The purpose of an Local Education Agency, the LEA, is to ensure that inspectionsof asbestos are conducted every three years, and provides employees with asbestos awarenesstraining. Too the LEA ensures that if asbestos sampling is needed, it is only done by a licensedasbestos vender, and the LEA coordinates the AHERA recordkeeping requirements. LEAs are also responsible for designatinga department which oversees asbestos management for the district.Within the LEAs nominated district is normallya facilities contact person or persons known as the Designated Person. The Designated Person , not only performs asbestosre-inspections and regular surveillances, but too up-dates the Asbestos ContainingMaterials Inventory reports. Asbestos Containing Materials Inventory reports are known as ACMI reports. ACMI report areused to show the location of asbestos-containing textiles within the school buildings, orstructures. The ACMI reports and delineates can be obtained in FAMIS. The Equipment Administration and MaintenanceInformation System or FAMIS, is the maintenance management system used by TUSD to; submitwork line-up applications, and allow academies to deem the status of their requests. FAMIS likewise houses the ACMI reports for theschools and departments. Now are the steps to locate the ACMI reportfor your clas or building. Step 1, is to open the FAMIS maintenance management system, and log into the system. Click on the Asset tab near the top of thepage. Click on the Find Asset tab.In the Asset Name box, kind in the word ASBESTOS. Then click on the Find tab near the bottomof the page. Scroll down to the school youre lookingfor.On the left of the name of the school, youwill see the blue asbestos tab for the school youre looking for.Near the bottom of the sheet, under the Documentation heading, are the asbestos delineates and updatedACMI report. Click on the ACMI report with the most current date. Note, ACMI reports are updated every threeyears. Now is a sample of what an ACMI report lookslike. On the ACMI report you will see the FS mapnumber to identify the location of the province being described. Too, the word or number of the area, thedescription of the country that was sampled for asbestos, the condition of the asbestosif present, and other information that may pertain to the sampled area. Before district works start a exertion programme, refer to the asbestos ACMI reports in FAMIS to ensure an improved understanding of asbestos locations.Avoidance of certain activities, such as sawing, sanding, and drilling asbestos-containing cloths will help ensure you do not disturbasbestos. If in doubt about the asbestos ACMI report information or the possibility of disturbingany asbestos-containing substances, contact the Equipment Help Desk at 225 -4 640. By using these practices you can keep yourself, and your co-workers safe from exposure to asbestos. Thank you for your attention to this importantmatter. Please call 225 -4 640 if you have any further questions or need further information ..