Hello and welcome to this mandatory two-hourannual refresher training on asbestos awareness. The following slides will give you a briefoverview of federal asbestos requirements. The info will help protect you againstwork site occupational showings to asbestos. The information collected is presented to employeeswho work on or in houses where asbestos is present, and to help you identify and avoidrisks. Lets get started! This route is designed to meet the requirementsof the Environmental Protection Agency, or the EPA, and the specifics of the OccupationalSafety and Health Administration, announced( OSHA ), for trained for employees who may come incontact with Asbestos-Containing Material( ACM’s) while performing their job duties.The purpose of this training is to learn to identify and avoid risks of disturbing asbestosa worker may encounter during work duties.This teaching is intended for employees whodo not remove asbestos containing substances as their primary / her functions. Training of Custodial, School hires, Transportation, Engineering, Warehouse, Facility and Maintenance workers in asbestos awareness is one of thekeys to a successful asbestos planned at TUSD. This develop is intended to give workers and managers the information they needto avoid shaking asbestos, or other items which might contain asbestos in the workplace.OSHA regulations involves the district to know where asbestos represented here. OSHAbelieves that by not disturbing asbestos you will eliminate substantial health risks foremployees. In an effort to inform hires about where asbestos-containing fabrics are locatedin a house or organization, TUSD has maps that contain this information online. Further in this presentation the online mapswill be explained and register for your gadget. Some of the federal asbestos regulatory agenciesinclude the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act, likewise announced AHERA. AHERA is also calledthe Asbestos in Schools Act because it precisely applies to academies. According to AHERA, academies must conduct an inspection for asbestos cloths within their houses. Employersmust also inform the staff members of what asbestos is and work towards ensuring asbestos in thebuildings remains undamaged, since undamaged asbestos constitutes no show to building occupants.The National Emissions Standards for HazardousAir Pollutant, also called NESHAP are air emission standards set by the EnvironmentalProtection Agency. These standards were established to manage and lower the amountsof asbestos containing fabrics that can be released into the air during the demolitionof houses or formations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA regulations are in place to protectworkers in the asbestos industry, but OSHA regulations likewise apply to general safety ofall employees in the workplace or doing workplace operations.As hard-bitten as it is to believe today, at onetime people called asbestos the miracle textile. Not merely is it a natural mineral you can digout of the ground by the ton, asbestos is lightweight, fireproof, chemical-resistant, bacteria-resistant, and doesnt conduct an electrical current. Asbestos has been mined throughout the world. White asbestos, which is called Chrysotile, came from pits all over America. One of the mines for Chrysotile was here in Arizona. It was in the small mining town of Chrysotile, Arizona. After World War II, numerous buildings and homeshad asbestos containing textiles installed in them; this was done because asbestosmade these products play-act excellently, and were frugal to make as a result of adding asbestos. Asbestos makes act so excellently, and were so economic to utter, that in its heyday, asbestos was added to toothpaste, child sleepwear, business clothings, foot pulverize, figure pulverization, theater palls, Christmas tree hems andmany other produces, including brake shoes and clutch facings. Hollywood often used asbestos because it waseasy to work with. Asbestos was used as snowflakes in movies and “theyre using” it in buildingmovie prepares. It was also used as the Wicked Witchs broomstick bristles in The Wizardof Oz. Asbestos creators would range sales campaignsstressing the durability and safety benefits of commodities created with asbestos. One thingmanufacturers failed to mention was the effects that the nearly indestructible mineral hadon their workers bodies.As more, and more asbestos workers and users of asbestos products, were going illfrom the effects from asbestos, the government, in 1971, ultimately stepped in to begin regulatingthe use of asbestos in consumer products. Very strict rules were created involving whatmaterials could be used in the construction of a building. Asbestos is comprised of a group of natural minerals mined from the ground. Asbestos situates are received throughout theworld, but the primary locates of business asbestos creation are Canada, Russia, andSouth Africa. Commercial mining of asbestos in the United Position was halted in the 1980 s. Once extracted from the anchor, asbestos-containingrock is subdued, ground up, and pointed. This raises long, thread-like fibers ofmaterial. What appears to the naked gaze as a single fiber is actually a bundle ofhundreds or thousands of fibers, each of which can be divided even further into tinier fibers. Asbestos is the collective figure for minerals made up of long, thin fibers that are invisibleto the naked nose. Different types of asbestos exist, and each is grouped under oneof two categories, either serpentine or amphibole. The first radical is serpentine. All asbestosin the serpentine radical is announced Chrysotile.This is the most common type of asbestos foundin 95% of older constructs in the United Position. The second radical is amphibole. The nameamphibole comes from Greek, meaning”ambiguous”. The amphibole radical contains five typesof asbestos. The first type of amphibole asbestos is amosite.Amosite, is considered the second most common type of asbestos found in houses. Amositeasbestos is also known as brown asbestos because of its color. The second type of amphibole asbestos is crocidolite, or off-color asbestos, reputation after its shade. It has been used in high-temperature insulationproducts and on chemical resistant skin-deeps, such as laboratory tables for chemistry andbiology categorizes. The three remaining types of amphibole asbestosare Anthophyllite, Tremolite, and Actinolite. These three are rare and have little commercialvalue.They are rarely spotcheck as contaminants or minor ingredients in asbestos-containingmaterials. Asbestos has countless characteristic qualities, such as, high-pitched tensile strength and fighting to fire, heat, chemicals and electricity.These dimensions induced it an ideal building material with countless industrial purposes back inthe day. It can act as a ring-binder, a thermal insulator, and a noise insulator.Asbestos has been largely expended because it is bountiful, cheap, strong and is not flammable.Asbestos also has insulation dimensions to heat and electrical commit, and is resistantto chemical corrosion. The consume of all of these thousands of concoctions is where the termasbestos-containing information came from. Some common examples of asbestos containingmaterials found in class are: flooring, vinyl cornerstone, mastic, roofing cloths, ceiling boards and tiles, wallboard, seam deepen, plaster, gaskets in heating and HVAC equipment, duct-wrap insulation, duct brace tape, ductvibration lessening cloth, tube/ boiler separation, fervour brick for boilers, fireproofing& fervor entrances, acoustical spray-on sound proofing and cementpipes. The following slithers are pictures of asbestosin use in buildings across the country. They are represented as samples exclusively. Now is an example of asbestos coating pipesand some asbestos tank insulation.Here you can see some pipes that are insulated with asbestos. These pipes are located above the ceiling. Here is an example of sprayed-on pipe insulation varnish cleared with asbestos. Here “youre seeing” some pipes that have flange gaskets made of asbestos. Now is a cloth vibration damper made fromasbestos, which is located between a build pipe and the follower. Caulk manufacturers often used asbestos before the 1980 s as it protected against fire andheat. Common plazas were around the brickwork and exteriors, as you can see here. Other patterns include opening putties, asbestosfire doorways, electrical wiring insulation and asbestos-wrapped pipings, where the insulationaround the pipes has been damaged. Here you can see an example of sheet vinylon a bar, an asbestos-containing material which has been crumbling and could becomeairborne. A creek base is a molding that protects thebase of walls from significance expense. Here you can see an example of an age-old bay cornerstone thatis disintegrating. The glue used to hold it to the walls is now showing. Both the glueand bay basi may contain asbestos. Now you can see an example of an exteriorsoffit. Note the asbestos information is crumbling and could become airborne.Here is an example of a roof with asbestos-containing fabrics. You may have ascertained surfacing addrest on the exterior of a building that contains asbestos, such as seen here. Here you examine an example of a superstructurethat has asbestos applied on its surfacing. Acoustical texture of plaster-type coatingsapplied over lumber lath, masonry, or other skin-deeps dates back 2000 years. But, unfortunatelystarting around the early 1900 s asbestos was put into the plaster to strengthen it. Now you examine an example of a suspended ceiling that has asbestos exploited on its surface.You may still see this type of ceiling, even though the EPA boycotted such fabrics in 1973, with an additional ban in 1978. Some popcorn ceilings were reached exercising asbestos.If you have it, do not disturb or shattering it. Remember, the mere spirit of asbestos itselfdoes not create a health hazard unless the material is vexed and liberations fibersto the atmosphere. Asbestos fibers added backbone withoutadding much weight; this realize it an ideal substance in gaskets, grout, tile and othercomposite materials. Asbestos likewise provided insulating and fire-resistantproperties, making it additionally handy in the automotive field.Asbestos fibers are so strong, durable, andvirtually indestructible, that they were almost used in every facility patronize in all regions of the country. Friable asbestos can be disintegrated, pulverized, or reduced to powder, by hand pressure when dry. Non-friable asbestos cannot be controlled in this way. Non-friable asbestos refers to asbestos thatis firmly bound in training materials. Non-friable asbestos is generally safer to the environmentif the asbestos is left undisturbed. Therefore , non-friable asbestos represents a lower likelihood toyour state. Undamaged non-friable asbestos should be treated as friable asbestos because any impairment willmake it friable. The Environmental Protection Agency or theEPA, has subdivided asbestos containing textiles into three categories. The first EPA category is Surfacing Materials.Surfacing Cloths are interior asbestos that has been sprayed on, troweled on, orotherwise applicable in faces like walls or ceilings for acoustical, decorative, or otherpurposes. This also includes blown-in fabrics, joint or patching complexes, and texturedpaints or plasters. The second EPA category is Thermal SystemInsulation. This type of insulation is used to control heat transfer or prevent condensationon pipings and pipe fittings, and other parts of hot or cold water systems; heating, ventilation, air conditioning structures; or other mechanical systems.The third EPA category is Miscellaneous Information. These include cloths are available on structuralcomponents, structural representatives or fixtures, such as fire doorways, or pulse damping cloth. Asbestos is a almost indestructible fiberthat, when breathed or swallowed, attacks the soft tissues in the body. Most stones and minerals breakdown into tinyparticles like specks of beach. But, asbestos breaks down into fibers, like ropes of rope.Asbestos fibers can be so small that they are invisible to the naked attention. Inhalation is the most common route of exposure.Most shows happen without the victims knowledge, since asbestos fibers are mostlyinvisible, odorless and tasteless. The health effects associated with asbestosexposure have been studied for many years. Upshots of these studies show that breathingin asbestos fibers leads to increased risk of developing several sickness. Not all parties develop these maladies afterexposure, but it has been well demonstrated that most asbestos-related illness are dose-responserelated, which means that the greater the showing to airborne asbestos fibers, thegreater the risk of developing an illness.The health effects associated with asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of developinglung and chest area diseases. Nearly daily, we are exposed to some prevailinglevel of asbestos fibers in constructs or ordeal some existing level in the outdoor air.Some fibers that are inhaled stay in the lungs. Brief explosions of revelation, when addedto the background level, increase the potential to begin or trigger the development of anasbestos related disease. These brief explosions of show occur in many ways. For speciman, when a carpenter instructs a puncture in an asbestos fire door without taking any prudences, an increased amount of asbestos may be released into the air. The more frequently these burstsof exposure follow, the greater the risk of breathing asbestos fibers.Keep in thought that everyone is exposed to asbestos at some time during their life. Low levelsof asbestos are present in the air, spray, and soil.Because asbestos fibers are so small, theyrebasically invisible. Theyre too so glowing that once stirred up, they can float in theair for a long time. This means that you can easily inhale asbestos fibers, withouteven knowing it. And formerly asbestos fibers get into your lungs, they can do severe damage. People most at risk for this additional exposureare maintenance type of workers who might accidently is currently working on and disrupt asbestos inbuildings. The effects of asbestos exposure most ofteninvolve the lungs. Air breathed in the main body overtakes through the mouth and snout, continuinginto the windpipe. The throat fractions into smallest and smaller tubes that end upin the lungs as aura sacs called alveoli. It is in these breeze sacs that breathing occurs.Oxygen is absorbed into tiny blood vessels( or capillaries) and trash gases, such ascarbon dioxide, pass out of the blood and are expelled. The organization has two or more mechanisms to filter the air it breathes. The first filter mechanismis used for larger corpuscles that may enter the nose or speak. These specks get caughtin the snout by the nose “hairs-breadths” or mucus.Items that penetrate the mouth are usually spitout. Cigarette smoking can mum both of these effects, disabling the first mechanism to rid the bodyof foreign particles. If the item is smaller and vanishes past the first filter mechanism, it could get caught in thesecond filter, the airway tubes. When an item is caught in the airway tubes, it isnormally withdrew or coughed out. But, if a particle is very tiny and light-headed, it could make it all the way into the lungsand into the lung air sacs.If some corpuscles open the air sacs, thelungs will try to protect themselves. The tiny breeze sacs in the lungs will try to coatthe specks. The membrane will report and digest the molecules if possible. This coatingof particles will be very difficult on the breeze sacs and leaves disfigure tissue in the lungs. If more and more asbestos fibers get intothe lungs, more and more scarring will occur, which may lead to an asbestos relevant healtheffect like Asbestosis, Lung Cancer, Mesothelioma, or other illness associated with exposure to asbestos. Asbestosis is a asbestos associated health effectcharacterized by lung scarring. It shortens the lungs resilience. When the lungs havereduced resilience, that induces it harder to breathe and gives you shortness of breath.Asbestosis is normally seen in people whohave inhaled large amounts of asbestos fibers over a given period. It is a serious diseaseand, in those persons exposed to high levels of asbestos. Evidences can straddle from mildto severe, and usually don’t appear until many years after continued revelation and caneventually lead to disability or demise. The conventional latency stage, or hour that passesfrom exposure to noticing indications is around 15 to 30 years.Lung Cancer is an asbestos relevant health impact that appears to have a dose-responserelationship between asbestos exposure and lung cancer.In add-on, lung cancer has a latency periodbefore it develops. Often 30 years or longer. If you are a cigarette smoker its evenworse. Cigarette smokers who are exposed to asbestos are over 50 times more likelyto develop lung cancer than the normal , non-smoking population. Mesothelioma is an asbestos relevant healtheffect that occurs in the chest cavity lining or in the gut stringing. Occurrences of mesotheliomahave been found in people who have had a limited showing to asbestos fibers. The onslaught of this ailment is related to doseand to duration from first known asbestos revelation. There is no known connection to cigarettesmoking. Mesothelioma tends to have a long latency period generally around 30 to 40 years. There are also several other cancers whichseem to occur more often among people exposed to asbestos. Some of the most frequently asked diseases includecancer of the gut, colon, and pancreas. When asbestos containing substances are undamagedthey are not releasing asbestos fibers into the air, so there is no threat to your health.The health hazards begin when the asbestos cloths are bumped, cleaned, rind, waterdamaged, or otherwise disturbed.Do not vex asbestos and keep it well maintained. The EPA merely requires asbestos removal toprevent significant public exposure to airborne asbestos fibers if the building is being demolishedor during redevelopment works. The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Actspecifically applies to academies. Its the blueprint for maintaining you and your co-workerssafe. AHERA requires all public and nonpublic class to have an initial inspection for asbestosand a re-inspection of known or expected asbestos at least once every three years. According to AHERA many of the dwellings, constructs, and class across America contain asbestos. If local schools was constructed before the 1980 s, its likely that it contains some use of asbestos. AHERA provides guidance for academies to inspectfor asbestos-containing fabrics in a safe and complete politenes. This is broken downto three points of inspection. The 1st site. Provide hires with asbestos awareness improving handing them a basic understandingof asbestos and the risks that can be caused by asbestos.The 2nd object. Designate a contact department. And the 3rd target is to ensure that simply trainedand licensed professionals play asbestos removal acts. As long as asbestos-containing textiles remainin good condition, the Environmental Protection Agency contend asbestos poses minimal healthrisk and recommends institutions leave it in place. But, if improper maintenance work appears, or the asbestos is vexed, the otherwise harmless asbestos can be released into theair. AHERA refers to a School District as a LocalEducation Agency, or an LEA. The purpose of an Local Education Agency, the LEA, is to ensure that inspectionsof asbestos are conducted every three years, and provides employees with asbestos awarenesstraining. Also the LEA ensures that if asbestos sampling is needed, it is only done by a licensedasbestos vender, and the LEA coordinates the AHERA recordkeeping requirements. LEAs are also responsible for designatinga department which oversees asbestos management for the district.Within the LEAs specified department is normallya facilities contact person or persons known as the Designated individual. The Designated Person , is not simply performs asbestosre-inspections and regular surveillances, but also up-dates the Asbestos ContainingMaterials Inventory reports. Asbestos Containing Material Inventory reports are known as ACMI reports. ACMI report areused to show the locating of asbestos-containing information within the school buildings, orstructures. The ACMI reports and maps can be obtained in FAMIS. The Facilities Administration and MaintenanceInformation System or FAMIS, is the maintenance management system used by TUSD to; submitwork line-up entreaties, and allow academies to goal the status of their requests.FAMIS likewise houses the ACMI reports for theschools and departments. Here are the steps to locate the ACMI reportfor your institution or constructing. Step 1, is to open the FAMIS maintenance management system, and log into the system. Click on the Asset tab near the top of thepage. Click on the Find Asset tab.In the Asset Name box, type in the word ASBESTOS. Then click on the Find tab near the bottomof the page. Scroll down to the school youre lookingfor. On the left of the name of the school, youwill see the blue asbestos tab for the school youre looking for.Near the bottom of the page, under the Documentation heading, are the asbestos maps and updatedACMI report. Click on the ACMI report with the most current date. Note, ACMI reports are updated every threeyears. Here is a sample of what an ACMI report lookslike.On the ACMI report you will see the FS mapnumber to identify the location of the range being described. Too, the list or number of the area, thedescription of the neighborhood that was sampled for asbestos, the condition of the asbestosif present, and other information that may pertain to the sampled locality. Before district hires start a wreak assignment, refer to the asbestos ACMI reports in FAMIS to ensure an understanding of asbestos sites. Avoidance of certain activities, such as sawing, sanding, and teaching asbestos-containing information will help ensure you do not disturbasbestos. If in doubt about the asbestos ACMI report information or the possibility of disturbingany asbestos-containing textiles, contact the Equipment Help Desk at 225 -4 640. By using these practices you can keep yourself, and your co-workers safe from exposure to asbestos. Thank you for your attention to this importantmatter. Please call 225 -4 640 if you have any further questions or need further information.